Valparai Tourism Logo
Welcome to Valparai - The Alluring Nature. Wild & Wonderful.

Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike

Hemipus picatus

Bird that can be seen in Valparai

Valparai Current Weather Valparai in Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Valparai Rain Valparai Climate Valparai Weather Report Valparai Weather Guide

The bar-winged flycatcher-shrike is a small passerine bird formerly placed in the cuckooshrike family but probably closer to the woodshrikes. It is found in the forests of tropical southern Asia from the Himalayas and hills of southern India to Indonesia. Mainly insectivorous it is found hunting in the mid-canopy of forests, often joining mixed-species foraging flocks. They perch upright and have a distinctive pattern of black and white, males being more shiny black than the females. In some populations the colour of the back is brownish while others have a dark wash on the underside.

Valparai Tourist Sites Valparai sightseeing Valparai Attractions Valparai Places to Visit Places to visit in Valparai Attractions in Valparai Sightseeing in Valparai

The bar-winged flycatcher-shrike is black capped with black wings that contrast with the white of the body. A white slash across the wing and a white rump stand out in contrast. They sit upright on branches, flying around to glean insects. The nostril is hidden by hairs and the upper mandible of the beak has a curved tip. Males are velvety black while females tend to be greyish brown but the pattern varies across the geographic populations. Both males and females of the Himalayan H. p. capitalis have a brown back but the males have a black head. The Sri Lankan population leggei lacks sexual dimorphism in plumage. H. p. intermedius has only the females with a brownish back. The tail is black but the outer tail feathers are white while the non-central tail feathers are tipped with white.

Valparai Tours and Travels Valparai Cabs Valparai Car Travels Valparai Car Rentals Valparai Tours Valparai Travels Travels in Valparai Tours to Valparai Van Rental

The call is a rapid and high tsit-it-it-it or a whriri-whirriri-whirriri and sometimes a sharp chip. Male-female pairs of the subspecies leggei of Sri Lanka have been reported to duet with precision.

Valparai Tours Valparai Tour Packages Package Tours to Valparai Valparai Travel Packages Valparai Tour Agents Valparai Tour Operator Tour Operator in Valparai

Young birds are said to have a broken pattern of white and grey giving the appearance of lichens.

Valparai Birds Birding in Valparai Valparai Bird Watching Bird Watching in Valparai Birds of Valparai Valparai Birding Birding Tours to Valparai Bird Watching

The exact systematic family position is unclear but the genus Hemipus has been found to be closely related to the genus Tephrodornis and show affinities to the Malaconotidae of Africa.

Valparai Forest Stay Stay in Forest of Valparai Forest Guest Houses Forest Bunglows Deep Forest Stay Monombolly Stay Monombolly Forest Stay Forest Cottage Forest Home

The nominate race is found mainly in the Western Ghats of India but becoming very rare towards the Surat Dangs. They are also found in some parts of central and eastern India, extending into Bangladesh. The subspecies capitalis is found along the Himalayas from Simla, east to Manipur and Chittagong in India and extending into northern Thailand, Myanmar and Laos.

Valparai Tea Estate Stay Valparai Tea Estate Bunglows Stay in Tea Estate Tea Estate Cotages Tea Bunglows Home Stay in Tea Estate Tea Estate Resorts Tea Stay

Subspecies leggei of Sri Lanka (southern Western Ghats populations included in older works) has the sexes indistinguishable. It is found in the hill forests of Sri Lanka.

Valparai Cottages Valparai Home Stay Valparai Hotels Cottages in Valparai Homestay in Valparai Home Stay in Valparai Hotels in Valparai Resorts in Valparai

Subspecies intermedius is found in Southeast Asia in Sumatra, Borneo, and parts of the Malay Peninsula. The brownish grey wash on the breast of females is darker, contrasting with the white of the abdomens. The back is darker brown than in other subspecies. The males also have darker breasts.

Valparai Current Weather Valparai in Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Valparai Rain Valparai Climate Valparai Weather Report Valparai Weather Guide

Other subspecies that have been described such as Walter Koelz's pileatus (described from the Lushai Hills) and insulae (from Sri Lanka) are not considered valid.

Valparai Tourist Sites Valparai sightseeing Valparai Attractions Valparai Places to Visit Places to visit in Valparai Attractions in Valparai Sightseeing in Valparai

This bird catches insects by gleaning foliage and making aerial sallies for flushed insects. It will associate with other small birds such as babblers, velvet-fronted nuthatch and white-eyes in feeding flocks. They move through the forest and rarely stick to a particular location.

Valparai Tours and Travels Valparai Cabs Valparai Car Travels Valparai Car Rentals Valparai Tours Valparai Travels Travels in Valparai Tours to Valparai Van Rental

The nesting season in Sri Lanka is mainly from February to August, March to May in India. The nest is a neat cup with rim held stiff by cobwebs binding it and the inside is lined with fine grass and fibre. Lichens cover the surface of the nest cup which is placed on the horizontal surface of a dry branch, often close to the tip of a dead branch or on a leafless tree making it appear like a knot in the wood. The usual clutch is 2 or 3 eggs which are pale greenish white and blotched with black and grey. The bird sitting at the nest appears as if it is casually perched. Both males and females incubate. The chicks at nest stay still with eyes closed and face the center of the nest while holding their bills high giving the appearance of a broken branch.

Valparai Tours Valparai Tour Packages Package Tours to Valparai Valparai Travel Packages Valparai Tour Agents Valparai Tour Operator Tour Operator in Valparai

They have been said to be sensitive to forest degradation but some studies note that they are less sensitive and capable of persisting even in considerably disturbed forests.

Valparai Forest Stay Stay in Forest of Valparai Forest Guest Houses Forest Bunglows Deep Forest Stay Monombolly Stay Monombolly Forest Stay Forest Cottage Forest Home

Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike, Bird that can be seen in Valparai
Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike, Bird that can be seen in Valparai
Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike, Bird that can be seen in Valparai
Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike, Bird that can be seen in Valparai

Valparai Forest Stay Stay in Forest of Valparai Forest Guest Houses Forest Bunglows Deep Forest Stay Monombolly Stay Monombolly Forest Stay Forest Cottage Forest Home

<< Previous
Close
Next >>

Wings over Valparai

Valparai Current Weather Valparai in Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Valparai Rain Valparai Climate Valparai Weather Report Valparai Weather Guide

The Anamalai Tiger Reserve and Valparai area in Western-Ghats of Tamilnadu are both perfect bird watching destinations. Birders will marvel at the array of colorful birds like Hornbills, Thrush Family, Flycatchers, woodpeckers and of course the sighting of our national bird, The Indian Peafowl.

Valparai Tourist Sites Valparai sightseeing Valparai Attractions Valparai Places to Visit Places to visit in Valparai Attractions in Valparai

There are more than 350 species of birds found in Anamalais. The list includes resident birds, winter visitors and endemic birds of Anamalais. Nearly 5 % of birds found in Anamalai Tiger Reserve are endemic to Western Ghats

Valparai Tours Valparai Tour Packages Package Tours to Valparai Valparai Travel Packages Valparai Tour Agents Valparai Tour Operator Tour Operator in Valparai

What is birdwatching?

Valparai Birds Birding in Valparai Valparai Bird Watching Bird Watching in Valparai Birds of Valparai Valparai Birding Birding Tours to Valparai Bird Watching

Birdwatching or birding is the observation and study of birds with the naked eye or through a visual enhancement device like binoculars. Birding often involves a significant auditory component, as many bird species are more readily detected and identified by ear than by eye. Most birdwatchers pursue this activity mainly for recreational or social reasons, unlike ornithologists, who engage in the study of birds using more formal scientific methods.

Valparai Forest Stay Stay in Forest of Valparai Forest Guest Houses Forest Bunglows Deep Forest Stay Monombolly Stay Monombolly Forest Stay Forest Cottage Forest Home Stay

What do you need for birdwatching?

Valparai Tea Estate Stay Valparai Tea Estate Bunglows Stay in Tea Estate Tea Estate Cotages Tea Bunglows Home Stay in Tea Estate Tea Estate Resorts Tea Stay

• The most basic equipment required for bird watching is your eyes. That´s true but you will soon need to have more items with you if you intend to make this a pastime or serious hobby. How far you go is a matter of taste and budget.

Valparai Cottages Valparai Home Stay Valparai Hotels Cottages in Valparai Homestay in Valparai Home Stay in Valparai Hotels in Valparai Resorts in Valparai

• The most useful thing that you can carry is a notepad and pencil. Use this to make a note of location, time, date, weather and habitat. Do a list of the birds that you see and know. Do a drawing or write down a description of those that you don’t. You can look them up later in you field guide. Your notebook should become a diary of where you have been and what you have seen. It will become a useful record as time passes.

Valparai Current Weather Valparai in Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Valparai Rain Valparai Climate Valparai Weather Report Valparai Weather Guide

• A Field guide is a book, normally illustrated with drawings or photographs, which provides descriptions of birds that assists you in their identification. The descriptions use several factors to help you determine the exact bird that you are looking at. As soon as you see a bird that you do not recognize you will need to have access a good field guide. There are many to choose from. They come in various shapes, sizes, weight and cost.

Valparai Tourist Sites Valparai sightseeing Valparai Attractions Valparai Places to Visit Places to visit in Valparai Attractions in Valparai

• Sites guides. These give locations where you can watch birds, the species you are likely to see and the best time to watch.

Valparai Tours and Travels Valparai Cabs Valparai Car Travels Valparai Car Rentals Valparai Tours Valparai Travels Travels in Valparai Tours to Valparai Van Rental

• Binoculars. These are pretty essential and buy the best that you can afford. A good pair well looked after will last you a lifetime. Take time to choose ones that suit you.

Valparai Tours Valparai Tour Packages Package Tours to Valparai Valparai Travel Packages Valparai Tour Agents Valparai Tour Operator Tour Operator in Valparai

• Clothing. Bird watching being primarily an outdoor pursuit, it is sensible to have lightweight but warm and waterproof clothing. You will be more comfortable if you wear the right type of clothing for the conditions you are in.

Valparai Birds Birding in Valparai Valparai Bird Watching Bird Watching in Valparai Birds of Valparai Valparai Birding Birding Tours to Valparai Bird Watching

• Telescope. If you want to get a really close look at birds then you will need to get a bird watching scope and tripod. These are more expensive than binoculars but if you get to be serious about bird watching you will soon want to have them.

Valparai Forest Stay Stay in Forest of Valparai Forest Guest Houses Forest Bunglows Deep Forest Stay Monombolly Stay Monombolly Forest Stay Forest Cottage Forest Home Stay

• Camera. A simple point and shoot digital camera is good if you are close to birds, especially if you have a zoom lens. If not close enough to shoot birds it is still good to take general views or mementos of your day out. More expensive cameras, with telephoto lenses, can bring you close in to the birds.

Valparai Tea Estate Stay Valparai Tea Estate Bunglows Stay in Tea Estate Tea Estate Cotages Tea Bunglows Home Stay in Tea Estate Tea Estate Resorts Tea Stay

• Digiscoping. You can take pictures via your Scope–using it as a telephoto lens. You will need attachments for your scope.

Valparai Cottages Valparai Home Stay Valparai Hotels Cottages in Valparai Homestay in Valparai Home Stay in Valparai Hotels in Valparai Resorts in Valparai

Code of birding ethics

Valparai Current Weather Valparai in Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Valparai Rain Valparai Climate Valparai Weather Report Valparai Weather Guide

1. Promote the welfare of birds and their environment.
1. (a) Support the protection of important bird habitat.
1. (b) To avoid stressing birds or exposing them to danger, exercise restraint and caution during observation, photography, sound recording, or filming.
   Limit the use of recordings and other methods of attracting birds, and never use such methods in heavily birded areas, or for attracting any species that is Threatened, Endangered, or of Special Concern, or is rare in your local area;
   Keep well back from nests and nesting colonies, roosts, display areas, and important feeding sites. In such sensitive areas, if there is a need for extended observation, photography, filming, or recording, try to use a blind or hide, and take advantage of natural cover.
   Use artificial light sparingly for filming or photography, especially for close-ups.
1. (c) Before advertising the presence of a rare bird, evaluate the potential for disturbance to the bird, its surroundings, and other people in the area, and proceed only if access can be controlled, disturbance minimized, and permission has been obtained from private land-owners. The sites of rare nesting birds should be divulged only to the proper conservation authorities.
1. (d) Stay on roads, trails, and paths where they exist; otherwise keep habitat disturbance to a minimum.

2. Respect the law, and the rights of others.
2. (a) Do not enter private property without the owner’s explicit permission.
2. (b) Follow all laws, rules, and regulations governing use of roads and public areas, both at home and abroad.
2. (c) Practice common courtesy in contacts with other people. Your exemplary behavior will generate goodwill with birders and non-birders alike.

3. Ensure that feeders, nest structures, and other artificial bird environments are safe.
3. (a) Keep dispensers, water, and food clean, and free of decay or disease. It is important to feed birds continually during harsh weather.
3. (b) Maintain and clean nest structures regularly.
3. (c) If you are attracting birds to an area, ensure the birds are not exposed to predation from cats and other domestic animals, or dangers posed by artificial hazards.

4. Group birding, whether organized or impromptu, requires special care.
  Each individual in the group, in addition to the obligations spelled out in Items #1 and #2, has responsibilities as a Group Member.
4. (a) Respect the interests, rights, and skills of fellow birders, as well as people participating in other legitimate outdoor activities. Freely share your knowledge and experience, except where code 1(c) applies. Be especially helpful to beginning birders.
4. (b) If you witness unethical birding behavior, assess the situation, and intervene if you think it prudent. When interceding, inform the person(s) of the inappropriate action, and attempt, within reason, to have it stopped. If the behavior continues, document it, and notify appropriate individuals or organizations.

Valparai Tourist Sites Valparai sightseeing Valparai Attractions Valparai Places to Visit Places to visit in Valparai Attractions in Valparai

Other highlights for the avid birder will be the sighting of The Great HornBill or Thrush. Learn more about the endamic, migrants and other birds in and around valparai by checking out the list

Valparai Tours and Travels Valparai Cabs Valparai Car Travels Valparai Car Rentals Valparai Tours Valparai Travels Travels in Valparai Tours to Valparai Van Rental

The below list is created in the guidance of Mr. K Selva Ganesh, Cinchona Government High School, Valparai who teaches English. Along with his students, won ebird’s Great Backyard Bird Count challenge, 2017. They contributed 360 checklists of birds, the highest number in the bird count challenge, and recorded 111 species.

Images and Data courtesy Mr. K Selva Ganesh, Wikimedia Commons, Wikipedia and ebird.org

Valparai Tours Valparai Tour Packages Package Tours to Valparai Valparai Travel Packages Valparai Tour Agents Valparai Tour Operator Tour Operator in Valparai

Valparai Tea Estate Stay Valparai Tea Estate Bunglows Stay in Tea Estate Tea Estate Cotages Tea Bunglows Home Stay in Tea Estate Tea Estate Resorts Tea Stay

List of Endamic Birds of Western-Ghats you can see in Valparai

Valparai Tourist Sites Valparai sightseeing Valparai Attractions Valparai Places to Visit Places to visit in Valparai Attractions in Valparai Sightseeing in Valparai

Valparai Tours and Travels Valparai Cabs Valparai Car Travels Valparai Car Rentals Valparai Tours Valparai Travels Travels in Valparai Tours to Valparai Van Rental

List of Migrant Birds that can be seen in Valparai

Valparai Tours Valparai Tour Packages Package Tours to Valparai Valparai Travel Packages Valparai Tour Agents Valparai Tour Operator Tour Operator in Valparai

Valparai Birds Birding in Valparai Valparai Bird Watching Bird Watching in Valparai Birds of Valparai Valparai Birding Birding Tours to Valparai Bird Watching

List of Other Birds you can see in Valparai

Valparai Cottages Valparai Home Stay Valparai Hotels Cottages in Valparai Homestay in Valparai Home Stay in Valparai Hotels in Valparai Resorts in Valparai